Boiling point and melting of simple substances

The table shows the boiling points and melting of simple substances (chemical elements)

Item Name

Symbol

condition

Melting temperature

Boiling point, °C

Nitrogen

N

gas

-209.86

-195.8

Actinium

Ac

Solids

~ 1040

~ 3300

Aluminum

Al

Solids

660.1

~ 2500

Americium

At

Solids

~ 1200

~ 2600

Argon

Ar

gas

-189.2

-185.7

Astatine

At

 

 

334

Barium

Ba

Solids

710

1640

Beryllium

Be

Solids

1285

2970

Boron

B

Solids

~ 2075

~ 3800

Bromine

Br

liquid

-7.3

58.8

Vanadium

V

Solids

1900

3400

Bismuth

Bi

Solids

271.3

~ 1560

Hydrogen

H

gas

-259.18

-252.8

Tungsten

W

Solids

3380

5900

Gadolinium

Gd

Solids

1312

~ 1500

Gallium

Ga

liquid

29.8

~ 2230

Hafnium

Hf

Solids

~ 2230

~ 5400

Helium

He

gas

-272.2

-268.9

Germanium

Ge

Solids

936

2700

Holmium

Ho

Solids

1500

~ 2380

Dysprosium

Dy

Solids

1380

~ 2330

Europium

Eu

Solids

~ 900

~ 1430

Iron

Fe

Solids

~ 1535

~ 3000

Gold

Au

Solids

1063

~ 2847

Indium

In

Solids

~ 155

~ 2000

Iodine

J

Solids

114

183

Iridium

Ir

Solids

2450

~ 500

Ytterbium

Yb

Solids

824

~ 132

Yttrium

Y

Solids

~ 1500

3020

Cadmium

Cd

Solids

321.03

7670

Potassium

K

Solids

62.3

~ 7605

Calcium

Ca

Solids

850

1482

Oxygen

O

gas

-218.4

-182.97

Ozone

 

gas

-251

-112

Cobalt

Co

Solids

~ 1490

~ 2900

Silicon

Si

Solids

1420

~ 2600

Krypton

Kr

gas

-157

-152.9

Xenon

Xe

gas

-112

-108.1

Curium

Cm

Solids

...

...

Lanthanum

La

Solids

920

~ 3470

Lithium

Li

Solids

186

~ (1370)

Lyutentsy

Lu

Solids

1675

~ 2680

Magnesium

Mg

Solids

651

~ 1110

Manganese

Mn

Solids

1260

~ 1900

Copper

Cu

Solids

1083

~ 2300

Molybdenum

Mo

Solids

2625

~ 3700

Arsenic

As

Solids

814 (36 bar)

615

Sodium

Na

Solids

97.5

~ 880

Neodymium

Nd

Solids

1024

3210

Neon

Ne

gas

-248.67

-245.9

Neptunium

Np

Solids

640

...

Nickel

Ni

Solids

1453

2900

Niobium

Nb

Solids

(2500)

3700

Tin

Sn

Solids

231.91

2270

Osmium

Os

Solids

2700

> 5300

Palladium

Pd

Solids

1552

> 2500

Platinum

Pt

Solids

1773.5

4300

Plutonium

Pu

Solids

673

3230

Polonium

Po

Solids

254

952

Praseodymium

Pr

Solids

940

3017

Promethium

Pm

Solids

-1000

...

Protactinium

Pa

Solids

~ 1400

~ 4000

Radium

Ra

Solids

960

1140

Radon

Rn

gas

-71

-61.8

Rhenium

Re

Solids

3170

> 5440

Rhodium

Rh

Solids

1966

> 3000

Mercury

Hg

liquid

-38.87

356.58

Rubidium

Rb

Solids

38.5

700

Ruthenium

Ru

Solids

1950

(2700)

Samarium

Sm

Solids

1072

1670

Lead

Pb

Solids

327.3

1740

Selenium

Se

Solids

220

688

Sulphur (diamond).

S

Solids

112.8

444.60

Silver

Ag

Solids

960.8

~ 2160

Scandium

Sc

Solids

1200

2400

Strontium

Sr

Solids

725

1150

Antimony

Sb

Solids

630

1380

Thallium

Tl

Solids

302.5

1457

Tantalum

Ta

Solids

3000

(4100)

Tellurium

Te

Solids

452

1390

Terbium

Tb

Solids

1368

2480

Technetium

Tc

Solids

~ 2300

~ 4700

Titanium

Ti

Solids

~ 1800

> 3000

Thorium

Th

Solids

1845

> 3000

Thulium

Tu

Solids

1600

1720

Carbon Diamond

C

Solids

> 3500

4200

Carbon Graphite

C

Solids

3600

~ 4200

Uranus

U

Solids

(1150)

~ 3900

White Phosphorus

P

Solids

44.1

280

red phosphorus

P

Solids

590 (43 bar)

423

Frances

Fr

Solids

17.5

...

Fluorine

F

gas

-223

-187

Chlorine

Cl

gas

-102

-34.1

Chromium

Cr

Solids

1615

2200

Cesium

Cs

Solids

28.5

670

Cerium

Ce

Solids

804

~ 3000

Zinc

Zn

Solids

419.5

907

Zirconium

Zr

Solids

~ 1900

~ 4000

Erbium

Er

Solids

1525

~ 2500


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